Cortisone injection – What do I need to know?

What is a cortisone injection? Is it a magic fix for all treatment?

A cortisone injection, also known as a corticosteroid injection, is a medical treatment used to alleviate pain and inflammation in specific areas of the body. It contains a synthetic form of corticosteroid, which is a powerful anti-inflammatory medication. Once injected, cortisone works by suppressing the immune system’s inflammatory response, this is aiming to produce rapid relief from swelling and pain. Inflammation is a natural defence mechanism of the body, but sometimes it can become excessive, leading to pain, swelling, and discomfort. It achieves this by suppressing the chemicals responsible for producing the inflammation.

What’s it used for?

Cortisone injections have been found to be effective for conditions like arthritis, tendinitis, bursitis, and other inflammatory disorders.

It’s important to note that while cortisone injections can offer significant relief, they are not a long-term solution for underlying issues. They are typically used in conjunction with other treatments, such as manual therapy, rehabilitation or lifestyle modifications, to address the root cause of the inflammation. Additionally, repeated cortisone injections in the same area may have diminishing returns and potential side effects.


How long does it last?

There are many factors that influence this, varying from the diagnosis of the injury (correct or incorrect, severity, chronicity). Some may only last days or a week if not administered correctly, other times it can last months, often resulting in recovery from the injury, however if the underlying problem is not addressed this is essentially a band-aid, and the injury may have progressed whilst the painkiller was active

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